Godaan by Munshi Premchand

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Godaan (गोदान) The Gift of a Cow is a Hindi novel by Munshi Premchand.

It was first published in 1936 and is considered the greatest Hindi novel of modern Indian literature, although originally written in Urdu. Themed around the socio economic deprivation as well as the exploitation of the village poor, the novel was the last complete novel of Premchand.
The protagonist, Hori, a poor peasant,
desperately longs for a cow, a symbol of wealth and prestige in rural India. Hori gets a cow but pays for it with his life. After his death, the village priests demand a cow from his widow to bring his soul to peace.       [read more]

About Munshi Ji

Munshi Premchand, प्रेमचंद (July 31, 1880 – October 8, 1936) was a writer of modern Hindi and Urdu literature. In India, he is generally recognized as the foremost writer in both Hindi and Urdu during the early twentieth century.

              The main characteristic of Premchand's writings is his interesting story-telling and use of simple language. His novels describe the problems of the rural peasant classes. He avoided the use of highly Sanskritized Hindi (as was the common practice among Hindi writers), but rather he used the dialect of the common people.

                    Some criticize Premchand's writings as full of too many deaths and too much misery. They believe Premchand does not stand anywhere near the contemporary literary giants of India, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay and Rabindranath Tagore. But it should be noted that many of Premchand's stories were influenced by his own experiences with poverty and misery. His stories represented the ordinary Indian people as they were, without any embellishments. Unlike many other contemporary writers, his works didn't have any "hero" or "Mr. Nice" - they described people as they were.               [read more]

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